Public funding for Catholic universities, as for other Church institutions, is often guaranteed by concordats, as in Hungary (art. 3), Poland (art. 15.3) and Slovakia (art. 4.1). Yet these universities must still obey Canon or Church law. In 2012, with Vatican backing, the Opus dei Cardinal-Archbishop of Lima tried to take over Latin America's only independent Catholic university, the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru.
The 1980 concordat with the military junta of Peru was hastily ratified just 2 days before the new democratic constitution came into effect. Now the Protestants, in an attempt to get a law which gives them more privileges, have agreed not to criticise the concordat and to permit dropping any mention of a “secular state” in the new legislation.
This concordat was ratified by the military junta led by General Francisco Morales Bermúdez Cerruti only two days before democratic rule and a new constitution came into effect, which allowed it to violate that and all future constitutions.